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What public static void main(String [] args){} means?

In the realm of Java programming, the line public static void main(String[] args) holds a special significance. It is the entry point for Java applications, serving as the starting point for execution. This seemingly cryptic declaration is the main method, a fundamental component in Java programs. This article aims to demystify the Java main method, what public static void main(String [] args){} means, explaining its syntax, significance, and role in the execution of Java applications.

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Meaning of public static void main(String [] args){}

public static void main (String args []){}
public static void main (String args []){}

Understanding the Syntax:

1. public: In Java, the public keyword denotes the access level of a method. A method marked as public can be accessed from any other class. The main method needs to be public to allow the Java Virtual Machine (JVM) to locate and invoke it.

2. static: The static the keyword indicates that the main method belongs to the class itself rather than an instance of the class. This means it can be called without creating an object of the class. In the context of the main method, static ensures that the JVM can invoke the method without instantiating the class.

3. void: The void keyword signifies that the main method does not return any value. Unlike other methods in Java, the main method is designed to be a starting point for execution rather than a method that produces a result.

4. main: The main is the name of the method. It is a standard convention in Java to name the method that serves as the entry point for a program as main.

5. String[] args: The String[] args is a parameter that allows the main method to receive input from the command line. It is an array of strings representing command-line arguments passed to the program when it is executed.

The Significance of public static void main(String[] args) {}

1. Entry Point for Execution: The primary role of the public static void main(String[] args) method is to serve as the entry point for the execution of a Java program. When a Java application is launched, the JVM searches for the main method and begins the program’s execution from this point.

2. Command-Line Arguments: The String[] args parameter enables the main method to receive command-line arguments. These arguments provide a way to input data or configuration parameters into the Java program when it is run. The values passed in the command line are stored in the args array and can be accessed within the main method.

3. Execution Flow: Upon locating the main method, the JVM starts executing the statements within its curly braces {}. This is where the core logic of the Java program resides. The main method serves as a gateway, initiating the flow of execution and orchestrating the program’s behavior.

The ‘main’ method acts as the heart of any Java application. It’s the starting point where program execution begins. When you initiate a Java program, the Java Virtual Machine (JVM) seeks this specific method to commence code execution.

Key Points:

  • Every Java program must possess a ‘main’ method to function.
  • The ‘main’ method accepts an array of strings, enabling you to pass arguments during program execution.
  • It doesn’t return any value, focusing solely on executing code.

A Practical Example:

Let’s illustrate the main method with a simple “Hello, World!” program in Java:

public class HelloWorld {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        System.out.println("Hello, World!");

In this example, the main method is contained within the class named HelloWorld. The System.out.println("Hello, World!"); statement within the main method prints the famous greeting to the console when the program is executed.

Common Mistakes and Best Practices:

1. Method Signature Accuracy: It’s crucial to adhere to the correct method signature. Any deviation, such as misspelling or altering the order of keywords, will result in the JVM not recognizing the method as the entry point, leading to runtime errors.

2. Command-Line Argument Handling: Developers should be mindful of handling command-line arguments appropriately within the main method. Failure to do so may lead to unexpected behavior or errors when executing the program with command-line inputs.

3. Execution Logic: While the main method is the starting point, it is advisable to keep the actual logic minimal within this method. Best practices encourage developers to delegate tasks to other methods or classes to enhance code readability and maintainability.


In the intricate tapestry of Java programming, the public static void main(String[] args) method stands as a gateway to the execution of Java applications. Understanding its syntax, significance, and role in the program’s lifecycle is fundamental for any Java developer. As the starting point for program execution, the main method embodies the essence of Java applications, orchestrating the initiation of code execution and providing a pathway for developers to interact with their programs.

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